What type of approach is best for me?
Our therapists work using a range of therapeutic models and these can be discussed during the initial assessment appointment. Below is a brief overview of the models used.
This approach is very client led. It is a more traditional talking therapy whereby the client can use the session time to reflect on their difficulties (whether historical or present) in a non-structured way. This approach believes the client knows best and therefore will find the answers themselves when given the opportunity to explore their difficulties. The counsellors role is more of a supportive, than directive one. This approach is particularly helpful with bereavement or loss.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
This approach is more structured and collaborative. CBT has a strong focus on current difficulties and specific situations that are distressing to the client. It may involve the client undertaking certain tasks in between sessions, such as diary keeping. CBT teaches clients to identify, evaluate and respond to their negative thoughts. This leads to a change in their thinking, mood and behaviour. There is strong evidence from research to suggest that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is particularly helpful in treating common difficulties such as depression and anxiety.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)
This approach is often used during trauma work. Sessions usually last between 60 and 90 minutes. During a traumatic event a person may be overwhelmed by what is taking place and their brain may be unable to process the information like a normal memory. This can lead to the memory becoming 'frozen' in time and the person continues to re-experience the trauma, as if it were happening again, which may include re-experiencing images, feelings, tastes, smells and sounds associated with the trauma.
EMDR seems to help clients reprocess the 'frozen' disturbing thoughts and memories. This is through using alternative left to right stimulation, such as eye movements, hand taps or sounds. The processed memories become less distressing and feel more like normal memories. It is thought EMDR helps create the connections between the brain's memory networks in a similar way to those during REM sleep.